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Rabu, 22 Desember 2010

ENGLISH TASK


MERAPI'S ERUPTION

Indonesia is one country that is rich with mountain berapinya. No fewer than 129 mountain among the hundreds of mountains in our country is an active volcano. Uniquely, each volcanic eruption has a style or model that is different. Likewise with the eruption of Mount Merapi, which occurred repeatedly since October 26, 2010 and then also have a uniqueness that distinguishes it from other mountains. This type of eruption of Merapi eruption changed compared with before 2006, which is characterized by the formation of lava domes. Merapi Eruption 2010 is a series of events that occurred at the volcano Merapi in Indonesia. Seismic activity began in late September 2010, and causing volcanic eruptions on Tuesday, October 26, 2010, killing at least 28 people were killed, including Mbah Maridjan. The eruption in 2010 this was also ten times larger than the eruption in 2006. Since the eruption of 2006 volcano spewed volcanic material is only 14 million cubic meters. From the beginning, Merapi is not unusual. Counted toward the eruption process is very fast. PVMBG data records, change of status from Normal to alert occurred on September 20, 2010. A month later, on October 21, 2010, he rose to become alert. Then become Beware - the highest level? four days later on October 25, 2010, just a day before the Merapi eruption.

3 November 2010, initially estimated as the eruption terdahsyat throughout the crisis of 2010. As reported, a wave of hot clouds of Merapi on November 3, a duration of up to two hours with sliding distance farthest reaches 11.5 kilometers. This is much more powerful than events October 26 that the maximum duration of 33 minutes with 7 km sliding distance. Date 4 to 5 November 2010, a wave of pyroclastic eruptions and glide again surprising. Merapi vomit devastated everything crossed and sliding distance creates a new record, up to 14 km, which ended in Cangkringan subdistrict, Sleman, Yogyakarta.

The volume of material that was brought close to 100 million cubic meters by the impact of ash falls, pyroclastic and lava flooding reaches a radius of 20 km.

National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) released the total number of deaths from Merapi disaster reached 116 people. Of this amount, including the death toll from severe eruption Friday (5 / 11) early days ago. While the number of refugees around 198,000 people. As for injuries from Merapi, Syamsul said, it recorded a total of 218 injuries. The amount is derived from three regions affected by the eruption of Merapi, namely Sleman, Magelang and Klaten.

With the catastrophic eruption of Mount Merapi are many people who lost relatives, homes and even places of business which has become their livelihood to seek fortune, for example, that 90% of Sleman district earns a meager living as a peasant society and today many salak salak trees that have been damaged by Merapi volcano eruption affected.

 We all hope that with the various disasters that struck this country, we are all the more introspective and always close to God in the hope of all the disasters that hit Indonesia's domestic end soon.


SOURCES:google.co.id, youtube.com

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